Glossary of Islam That Every Non-Muslim Should Know
Need to know the difference between hajj and halal? Here is a short glossary of Islam probably the most normally utilized words and expressions in Islamic religion and culture.
What is Islam?
The word “Muslim” means” one who submits to the will of God. The primary rule of Islam is known as the Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith), and is as per the following: “There is no one worthy of worship except Allah (God) and Muhammad is the Final Apostle (Messenger) of God.”
Who is Allah?
The Arabic word for “god.”
What is Hadith?
A traditional record of sayings by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) recorded by his followers, regularly instructed as a piece of Islamic religious theology.
Who is Muhammad?
Prophet Muhammad was born in Makkah in the year 570. S Since his father died before his birth and his mother died shortly thereafter, he was raised by his uncle who was from the respected tribe of Quraysh. He was raised illiterate, incapable to read or write, and remained so till his death.
His kin, before his mission as a prophet, were ignorant of science and the greater part of them were illiterate. As he grew up, he got known to be truthful, honest, trustworthy, generous, and sincere.
He was dependable to such an extent that they considered him the Trustworthy. Prophet Muhammad was very religious, and he had long loathed the decadence and idolatry of his society.
What is PBUH?
When writing the name of the Prophet Muhammad, Muslims regularly follow it with the shortened form “PBUH.” These letters represent the English words ” peace be upon him.” Muslims utilize these words to show respect to one of God’s Prophets while referencing his name. It is likewise abbreviated as “SAWS,” which represent the Arabic words of similar meaning (“sallallahu alayhi wa salaam”).
What is hajj?
A journey made by Muslims to the city of Makkah (Mecca), the holiest city of Islam. Each Muslim is required to make a religious journey to Mecca if they are that they are physically and monetarily ready to do as such. Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam.
What is halal?
Halal is an Arabic word, which means legal, and in Islamic dietary law. A term depicting something that is lawful and allowed in Islam, according to Islamic law. Regularly used to portrayed food or drink which is allowed for utilization under Islamic dietary laws.
Who is Imam?
Individual or religious leader who leads prayers in a mosque, a perceived expert on Islamic theology, or an individual of authority within the community. For Shiite Muslims, an Imam (capitalized) indicates a descendant of Muhammad.
What is Islam?
Islam means to achieve peace – peace with God, peace inside oneself, and peace with the creations of God – through entirely submitting oneself to God and accepting His guidance.
The name Islam was instituted by the Qur’an, the consecrated sacred scripture revealed to Muhammad. For believers, Islam is not a new religion. Or maybe, it speaks to the last reiteration of the reiteration message of God’s Oneness, a topic found in before monotheistic religious traditions.
What is quran?
The central religious content of Islam believed to be the word of Allah revealed to Muhammad. The Qur’an, the last revealed word of God, is the primary wellspring of each and every Muslim’s faith and practice. It deals with all the subjects which concern humans: wisdom, doctrine, worship, transactions, law…etc., yet its fundamental topic is the relationship between God and His creatures. Simultaneously, it gives guidelines and point by point lessons to a fair society, appropriate human lead, and an equitable economic system.
What is madrassah?
The Arabic word for an instructive establishment for any sort of learning. Frequently used to allude to an Islamic school or a school with courses in Islamic theology and religious law.
What is Mosque?
The Mosque is considered to be the community center for Muslims. Better referred to in Arabic as a Masjid, the mosque represents to the core of the Muslim family and community. Day by day prayers are offered five times all through segments of the day. After prayers are offered, Muslims assemble for brief conversation and connection with each other. glossary of Islam. This association keeps up a degree of solidarity in the network by encouraging social, spiritual, and economic bonds.
What is Ramadan?
Ramadan, the 9th month of Muslim’s lunar calendar. During which healthy adult Muslims fast during daylight
It is considered the most sacred month in a year and in this entire is spent by detaching from pleasures of the world and to indulge in prayers. Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) once said: “When the month of Ramadan starts, the gates of heaven are opened and the gates of hell are closed and the devils are chained.”
In this blessed month of Ramadan, Muslims everywhere throughout the world quickly begin from dawn to the sunset. Doing so one can attach spiritually with God and strengthen his/her relationship with additional prayers, more charity and kindness. Finally, intense reading of Quran verses.
What is Salat?
Salah”means”prayers” and it is one of the five pillars of Islam.
In Arabic, the word “Salah” صلاة originate from the word “صلة” which means an ‘connection’ and that is because”Salah (prayers)” is meant to be a connection between the human and their God (Allah).
Muslims pray 5 prayer times daily at specific times:
- Fajr: Dawn prayer before the sunset
- Duhr: Midday prayer at noon.
- Asr: Late afternoon payer.
- Maghrib: After the sunset prayer.
- Ishaa: Between sunset and midnight.
These five prayers are the “fard” (obligatory) prayers that every Muslim should do, and Muslims often pray additional prayers as “Sunnah” or “Qiyam” which is an extra prayer (Non-obligatory, there is no sin in missing it). glossary of Islam Children are encouraged to start learning how to pray at the age of seven years.
Muslims can pray anywhere when the time of prayer is due. However, it is more rewarding to make congregational (Jamaat) prayer in Mosques.
What is Sawm?
An Arabic word for fasting; the act of total abstinence from food, fluids and sexual connections from day break to nightfall, for one lunar month.
What is Shahadah?
The Shahadah is the Muslim declaration of faith and the first Pillar of Islam. It communicates the belief that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. This belief in one God is known as monotheism.
To turn into a Muslim, an individual just needs to declare the Shahadah before witnesses. This highlights the key importance of the Shahadah in Islam.
The first part of the Shahadah is stated in the Qur’an Surah 3 verse 18.: “There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is his messenger”
What is Sharia?
Sharia law is Islam’s legal system. It is gotten from both the Quran, Islam’s central content, and fatwas – the rulings of Islamic scholars.
Sharia actually signifies “the clear, well-trodden path to water”.
Sharia law acts as a code for living that all Muslims should adhere to, including prayers, fasting and donations to poor people. It intends to assist Muslims with seeing how they should lead each part of their carries on as indicated by God’s wishes glossary of Islam.
Who is Shia?
The second largest category of Islam after Sunni Islam. Shia Muslims believe that the rightful successor to Muhammad after his death was his child -in-law Ali.
What is Sufi?
A mysterious part of Islam that underscores abstinence as a method for fellowship with god.
What is Sunnah?
The literal significance of Sunnah is way, (trodden) path, nature, principal, and law. Terminologically, the word Sunnah means what the Prophet Muhammad stated, did, or directed. Conduction is reacting silently and not rejecting. Hadiths are the interpretations of the Quranic verses. They clarify the heavenly mysteries that are quickly given in the verses and declaration on the subject, which there is no mention of in Quran.
What is Sunni?
Sunni Islam is the most common category of Muslims around the world. Islam, as other major religions, is defined by a set of core beliefs. Gatherings that keep up those beliefs can appropriately be designated “Islamic,” regardless of whether they vary on different subtleties. A sect that denies at least one foundation thoughts may guarantee an Islamic title, however it can’t authentically be viewed as Islamic. Sunni Islam is by a long shot the most widely recognized type of Islamic religion, with Shia Islam a far off second and littler organizations a moderately minuscule part. Glossary of Islam A few evaluations guarantee upwards of 90 percent of the world’s Muslims are Sunni, however 75—80 percent is more probable.
What is Surah?
One of the segments of the Quran, which are traditionally arranged by diminishing length. The Quran contains 114 Surahs.
What is Tafsir?
Translations of the Quran by Islamic scholars; the Arabic word for exegesis or commentary.
What is Tawhid?
The central Islamic teaching that directs there is no other god but Allah.
What is Zakat?
Zakat is an Islamic finance term referring to the obligation that an individual needs to give a specific 2.5 percent proportion of wealth every year to charitable causes. Zakat is a mandatory required procedure for all Muslims and is regarded as a form of worship. Giving away cash to the poor is said to purify yearly profits that are well beyond what is required to give the fundamental needs of an individual or family.