Islam, represents a religion as other religions in this world. The word “Islam” means surrender to God or simple peace. Combining both results in a formation “achieving peace by following the words of God”.
Muslim, one who follows Islam, in other words one who is in the state of peace by following the statements of God.
Islam’s entire focus is towards self-cultivating one’s moral character in the society living in. Some of the true values that Islam promotes includes,
o Respect every single creatures
o Care more about less fortunate peoples
o Never stop seeking knowledge
o Keep-up honesty & truthfulness in every deed
o Work hard towards self-improvement and world living in
See the six major beliefs of Muslims,
- Believe in God
- Believe in Angels
- Believe in Prophet/Messengers sent by God
- Believe in God’s holy scriptures sent to the messengers
- Believe in Judgement day during which people in world will be accountable based on their actions and will rewarded accordingly
- Believe in God’s divine and nothing happens without his knowledge
According to Muslims Jesus was given birth by Virgin Mary by the act of God, how Adam was believed to have been created by God with no Father or Mother. In Qur’an many miracles of Jesus has been mentioned, such as his birth and his power of healing ailments. Apart from other wonders of him he is denoted as considerable prophet from God also one among the messengers that received revelation from God. Beside all these facts he is yet another prophet who is just a normal human being.
Due to fact that just 20% of Muslims are Arabs, Qur’an has been translated into many languages with English translations. Yet Arabic is the ritual language for world Muslims, it is been recited in its native language Arabic just as how Hindus recite mantras in Sanskrit and Christian perform mass in Latin. In order to grasp the true instructions of Qur’an non-Arab Muslims recites the translation in native languages.
It is purely based on individual’s daily schedules. Most Muslims probably need not perform all five prayers in a day during work time as the prayers are done at different times in a day. There are excuses to offer every prayer before the allowed time border. That time frame prolong from an hour to four hours based on the time of prayer. This timing differs from region to region.
During most of year, the prayer time for noon goes longer during school time. Thus they can perform it even after reaching home.
It has been told not to miss the prayer even during battel field, so if a soldier missed a prayer and didn’t gets time to fulfil it before the time ends he will offer it along with next prayer in middle of the war.
As believe by Muslims it is the first house of worship to God, which is situated at Mecca covered with black cloth and it is cube shaped. During every prayer Muslims direct themselves towards the Ka’bah, this direction differs from place to place i.e. one part of the world people will face it west and at other place it will faced east.
A person’s deeds, intentions, circumstances and limitations are hidden from normal humans yet known by the God. Every Muslims believe that an individual will be given judgement based on his entire actions and beliefs he had during his period on earth. In Qur’an God’s 99 names has been mentioned, most of which denotes “the Judges” & “the Justice”
It is Muslim’s belief that humans are free to choose good or bad activities unlike angels/animals. However God knows humans final destination of everyone without their knowledge. Hence it’s one’s self decision to whether commit a sin or not, but they will be accountable for sure during judgement day.
Qur’an explicitly states that there is no compulsion over any person to follow particular religion, in fact Qur’an has forbidden hatred, domination or forcible imposition activities. Also describes that religious pluralism is nothing but part of Almighty’s plan in testing people. The existence of non-Muslims prayer building around the world demonstrates that Muslims societies are no way opposed to other religious community.
The core belief between these two parties are same i.e. God is one, Prophet-hood of Muhammed & the Five Pillars of Islam.
Only thing that keep them apart is the source of knowledge and leadership.
The real problem raised after the death of Prophet Muhammed, i.e. whom to take leadership next. Shi’as believed that it should be led by the family and particular descendants of Prophet Muhammed. Whereas Sunnis had different opinion that Muslims have liberty to choose the right person among them as the next ruler.
Shia’s states that Prophet Muhammed has appointed his son-in-law Ali as his successor, which according to Sunnis is not a true fact. And Muhammed didn’t set any specific person as his spiritual and political successor.
The right answer is to whom a women talking to.
It is a directive to a Muslim women to cover her physic to a third person (which is male) except from men that are blood related. That too in public places if there is some need to show her identity it is allowed to uncover her face.
In most of Muslim countries Hijab is practiced for various reasons, a sign of identity, devotion towards faith, to stay away from being judged by physical appearance.
Muslims in America & other parts of the world fought legally to attain equality between men & women. Women especially have held different designations & leadership in America Muslim Community. In many of Muslim majority countries women work as physicians, entrepreneurs, engineers etc. and even sometimes served for the nations.
This explicitly concludes that women are given room to furnish their thoughts across the world.
This scenario totally based on one’s family culture and circumstances, and need not based on religion. As per the scholars neither the Qur’an nor hadith restricts women from working. In the whole world Muslim women are working outside of their home in male dominated domains such as medicine & engineering.
It is no way allowed to practise domestic violence & spousal abasement that violates Islam’s principle of respecting other human. Different sources of Islamic law says that spousal abuse is one single reason more than enough for a women to raise divorce. The history of Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) shows that there is never a sign of such activity he commenced during his life time and he condemning those who committed it.
There is one popular saying in Qur’an, “seek for knowledge” that made Muslim Women go corners of the world and become scholars, writer & teachers. Seeking knowledge is a statutory for every Muslims. In fact the very first word in the Qur’an was “read”, a common directive towards both men & women
As part of the tradition, a Muslim men can marry a women who are Christians or Jews. In this scenario, the Muslim husband must allow the Christian/Jewish wife to worship her God as per her belief.
Whereas Marrying a non-Muslim men is not allowed for a Muslim women because of the fact that the husband may not under same obligation to give respect to her religion as Muslim men has.
This view is based on the fact that Men are the highly dominating in a family, which is why these sort of marriages are prohibited by contemporary Muslims.
According to a hadith, divorce is considered to be the most hated lawful thing, as it can break a family. However Qur’an allowed divorce and also describes various steps in it. First the urged couple are indulged for a counselling and mediation. After these attempts fails, divorce is the final option and might be the only solution for many situations.
It totally depends on the community that asks this question. By any chance if modernity related to democracy & right to think, expression religion & conscience then Islam’s opinion varies.
Some Muslims view on this is that Modernity is considered secondary in religious principles and other set of Muslims consider as fundamental principles of Islam. In a worldwide poll taken by many Muslims in the year 2013 voted supporting Modernity as democracy & religious freedom.
Beyond all these facts many Muslims like people of other religions are concerned about devastating outcomes that modernity & its related technological advances, when influenced only by factors between economic growth & short-term gain, have had in our environment and the world.
First Islamic society framed by Muhammed (the final prophet) contained spiritual elimination & other social problems within Arabian territory. Freedom to religion practices were allowed; Women treated equally in the community; racial discrimination eliminated completely; alcohol was made forbidden utterly. A famous writer named Karen Armstrong, mentioned in his book of religious comparison saying that, Muhammed had a dazzling success politically, spiritually & seen an exponential growth in strengthening the community”.
Basically the word Sharia derived from an Arabic phrase called “path to the water”, which clarifies that Sharia is nothing but guidance from the Qur’an & Sunnah (teachings of Prophet Muhammed) for the betterment for humanity that drive them close to the God & to have peaceful approach to his creations.
Sharia gives valuable guidance to the human during code of conduct & religious commandments and offer guidance under different circumstances in life.
In any religion there are complications happening which is hard to conclude whether to follow it or not. During such conditions there are spiritual scholars to guide the society.
Likewise in Islam there are authorised Islamic scholars (claiming authority) to guide the Muslim society based on the Islamic law. Such opinion delivered occasionally is known as “Fatwa”. As these new findings are non-binding, Muslims are free to choose whether to follow it or not.
Severe punishments such as cutting hands of the convict, stoning & death penalty were in practice around 1400 years ago among the tribal society in Arabia and the conditions to fulfil them were so strict. For e.g. the stoning punishment in case of adultery can be fulfilled only based on testimony of four eyewitnesses. In today’s condition most Muslim majority countries don’t practice these punishments, and been followed by prohibited societies in Arab countries. For the sake that the necessary due process to fulfil these punishments are impossible to be followed which made the scholars to condemn implementing these punishments.
Speaking with self-motivation & untold methods are not allowed in Islam. As how other religions seeks guidance from their religious writings, so do the Muslims seeks information from the Qur’an?
Most terrorism activities are claiming Islam as their purpose of fight. Many of legal issues that are related to Muslim community are most times taken in to the attention of legitimate scholars. Yet some extremists pretend to be traditional scholars and promote rulings that are no more allowed and prohibited by the Islamic community.
This question induces another question, does Christians or Jews denounce any terrorism undergone by someone with their religious name?
It doesn’t mean that Muslim bear the act commenced in the name of Islam unless they specifically state otherwise. This kind of data are biased and obstructive.
The true fact behind this question is, in public view Muslims are the one who prone to commit terrorism especially in US & Europe. Worst part is some erroneously believe that violence is one of unique action followed by Muslims. There are bunch of reasons for this.
And there are very few terrorists & extremist in the name of Muslims compared to the entire Muslim population. They easily intrude in the society and appear highly in public mind
The actual meanings of Jihad is “Striving” that is highly misunderstood as “Holy War”. The official Muslim sources differentiate it as greater and lesser jihad. Greater jihad refers to handle internal struggles to stop negative actions and promote liable activities, whereas lesser jihad stands for external attempt for achieving justice by self-defence.
From these two statement one can say that, Jihad is something none other than defensive measure taken while the truth is at real danger.
There are two perspective to the question asked. One is that conflict raises high among Muslims compared to other religion followers. Second is more conflicts exists in Muslim ruling regions.
In both scenario, first one is false. Out of 50% Muslim majority countries vast regions are under peace. Rather other regions are the ones into conflicts most of the time, this includes US for instance. And just for citation, both largest world wars were fought between Christian living countries.
In second scenario there are lots of reason for conflict to evade in a country, in which religion could also be one factor among many reasons. Political issues could be an underlying reason beneath all conflicts which also comprises of Muslims.
Halal is an Arabic term that refers to direct meaning “Permitted”. Direct opposite is “Haram” which is unlawful. This term is quite popular in usage and can be seen in hotels, which means that they offer foods that are prepared in authentic way for Muslims to eat i.e. reciting the God’s name before slaughtering the animals/birds allowed for eating.
According to Muslim economists money is to be earned, which is why few forms of earning through gambling & loaning with interest are strictly prohibited. On other hand investment is highly encouraged in Islam which involves high risk to the investor with specific percentage as return. This also circulates the wealth among the society in a hygienic manner.
During recent financial crisis, Islamic banks and financial institutions left unaffected, as they don’t deal with interest filled financing.